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Coffee Roasting Made Simple with Fluid Bed Coffee Roaster Machines

October 2023
Coffee Roasting Made Simple with Fluid Bed Coffee Roaster Machines

Introduction to Fluid Bed Coffee Roasters

Fluid bed coffee roasters are innovative machines that evenly roast coffee beans using hot air blown through perforated plates to create a fluidized bed of tumbling beans. The constant motion of the beans in the fluidized bed ensures very even and consistent exposure to heat for predictable roast results. Fluid bed technology greatly simplifies the roasting process through the use of automated controls and minimal manual intervention needed.

Leading roaster manufacturers like Loring, Diedrich, Probat, and Typhoon Roasters offer fluid bed coffee roasters in a range of sizes suitable for cafes, micro-roasters, and large production facilities. This article will explain how fluid bed coffee roasters work and highlight the many benefits they provide for specialty coffee roasting.

How Fluid Bed Coffee Roasters Work

Fluid bed coffee roasters utilize strong fans to blow heated air up through tiny perforations in a distributor plate at the bottom of the roasting chamber. As the air passes through the plate it lifts and suspends the coffee beans, causing them to behave like a fluid. The roasting chamber is carefully designed so that the air flow keeps the beans constantly mixing and circulating inside the fluidized bed.

Because the beans are tumbling and churning, there are no cool spots where beans can hide from the hot air flow. This ensures very even exposure of all the beans to heat and facilitates extremely consistent roasting. The bean temperature is monitored by sensors and the airflow and heating elements are automatically adjusted by the roaster’s computer controls to maintain the desired roasting profile.

With fluid bed technology, the operator simply needs to load the green coffee beans, select or program the desired roast profile settings, initiate the roasting cycle, and then monitor the beans as they develop through first crack and approach second crack. Once the target roast degree is reached, the operator stops the roasting process and releases the beans into a cooling tray. The minimal manual involvement frees up the roaster operator to carefully observe the roast progression and make any adjustments.

Compared to traditional drum coffee roasters, fluid bed roasters provide much more even heat exposure and roast consistency. Drum roasters can sometimes have uneven heat zones where some beans get shielded. But the constant tumbling action of a fluid bed evenly roasts every single bean.

Air Flow and Temperature Control

The powerful fan motors in a fluid bed coffee roaster generate sufficient air flow velocity through the perforated plate to both fluidize the bed of beans and allow precise control over the roasting environment. The upward airflow suspends the beans and the designed circulation pattern keeps them mixing for even heating.

Integrated sensors constantly monitor the temperature of the bean mass and make automatic adjustments to the heating elements or fan speed to maintain target temperatures along the programmed roasting profile. Intelligent control systems enable creating customizable roasting curves with different ramp rates and target temperatures. This level of precision and reproducibility is unmatched in traditional drum style coffee roasters.

Minimal Manual Intervention

The key benefit of the fluidization process is that it completely automates the most labor-intensive aspect of coffee roasting – the constant stirring or raking of the beans to promote even roasting. The operator effort is minimal, freeing them up to carefully monitor the nuances of the roast.

The automated airflow and temperature controls handle making adjustments to the roasting environment to stick to the preset profile. The operator simply oversees the process and intervenes only if any issues arise. When the desired roast color and development is achieved, they stop the roaster and drop the beans into the cooling tray. The simplicity and ease of use makes fluid bed coffee roasters perfect for small batch craft roasting as well as large commercial operations.

Advantages of Fluid Bed Coffee Roasters

Fluid bed coffee roasters provide many benefits that make them ideal for artisan, specialty coffee roasting:

  • Extremely even and consistent roasts compared to traditional drum roasters
  • Very fast roast times increase throughput and production capacity
  • Automated controls and minimal manual work simplify the roasting operation
  • Well-suited for lighter roast profiles typical of specialty coffee
  • Allow small batch roasting to maintain optimal coffee freshness

Consistent Roasting Quality

The turbulent fluidized bed action produces exceptionally even heat transfer and exposure of the coffee beans. This gives more reliable roast consistency compared to drum roasters where some beans can be partially shielded. The uniformity of the beans roasted in a fluid bed machine is unmatched.

By minimizing temperature variations within a batch and between batches, fluid bed roasters allow expert roasters to perfectly recreate their signature profiles with precision and repeatability. You can confidently achieve the exact flavor profile you want every single time.

Increased Efficiency and Capacity

The direct heat transfer from the hot air to the beans allows very fast roast times in fluid bed coffee roasters. Batches can be roasted start to finish in as little as 3-8 minutes depending on batch size and roast degree. This compares to 10-15 minutes in a traditional drum roaster.

The faster process time means increased hourly throughput so you can produce higher volumes while maintaining optimal small batch freshness. For cafes, the high efficiency allows roasted-to-order coffee availability. Fluid bed technology also consumes less energy thanks to shorter cycle times.

Simplicity and Flexibility

The automated bean fluidization and temperature control systems greatly reduce the active involvement of the operator during the roasting process. They are freed up to carefully observe bean development rather than needing to constantly rake and monitor equipment. This simplicity makes fluid bed coffee roasters accessible to both experienced roasters and beginners after a reasonable learning curve.

The programmable controls also allow a high degree of flexibility to create varying roast profiles for different coffees and flavors. You can deeply customize your roasts to bring out the best in each bean. Many fluid bed models feature intuitive touchscreen interfaces and data logging to simplify roast recipe optimization.

Many reputable coffee roaster manufacturers now offer fluid bed models. Here are some of the most popular choices:

Loring Smart Roaster

  • Considered the gold standard in fluid bed coffee roaster machines
  • Roasts by bean mass temperature for unmatched consistency
  • Available in capacities from 15kg up to 60kg
  • Touchscreen interface with 70+ programmable roast profiles
  • Used by numerous top specialty coffee companies

Diedrich IR-Series

  • Infrared burners for responsive roast control
  • Cyclonic fluid bed technology
  • Models ranging from 3kg to 30kg capacities
  • 7" touchscreen with profile creation and logging
  • Customizable for specialty light roast profiles

Prabat Roaster

  • High performance German engineered roasters
  • Cyclonic fluid bed technology
  • Automated with PLC control systems
  • Sizes ranging from 2.5kg to 50kg capacity
  • Known for quality construction and durability

Typhoon Roasters Fluid Bed Models

  • Typhoon 2.5 Shop Roaster – compact 2.5kg capacity, 110V electricity
  • Typhoon 5 Shop Roaster – 5kg batches, touch screen controls
  • Typhoon 10 Industrial – 10kg batches, fast 8 minute roasts
  • Typhoon 20 Industrial – high volume 20kg batches
  • Typhoon 30 Industrial – maximum 30kg batch size

Typhoon Roasters offers an excellent range of fluid bed coffee roasters to suit any production need, from a starter shop roaster to high capacity industrial machines. Their patented fluid bed technology ensures consistent roasting results.


  • Home and commercial fluid bed coffee roaster models
  • 1lb and 5lb sizes for personal roasting
  • Larger cafe capacities from 10-25lbs
  • Stainless steel construction
  • Touch screen control interface

Considerations When Purchasing a Fluid Bed Coffee Roaster

Those looking to purchase a fluid bed coffee roaster should consider factors like capacity, heat sources, construction, controls, and service support.

Capacity and Growth Plans

Consider both your current production requirements and future growth plans when selecting your roaster capacity. Larger roasters offer more throughput but have a higher upfront cost. For example, a small cafe may only need a 3-5kg roaster to start, while a full production facility would need a 60kg+ machine. Plan growth by potentially adding a second roaster later rather than overbuying capacity upfront.

Heat Sources

Electric burners heat up quicker while gas burners provide more power and flame adjustability. Electric needs 220V connections, while gas requires fuel line hookups. Gas gives very high heat output for industrial scale roasters above 30kg, while electric is often preferred for micro and craft roaster models under 10kg. Some brands like Diedrich offer dual fuel options.

Size, Build Quality and Durability

Look for sturdy stainless steel construction and quality components that will hold up to repeated, heavy use. Well-engineered machines from top brands will last for many years of constant roasting operations. Larger capacity roasters have a bigger footprint, so make sure you have room for the machine itself plus workspace and bean storage.

Controls and Automation

Programmable PLCs allow adjusting roast profiles and recipes. Touchscreen interfaces simplify control and monitoring. Data logging allows recording and analyzing roast sessions. Automated models require less monitoring while roasting but cost more. Basic on/off controls work for starter fluid bed roasters.

Service and Support

Look for at least a 1 year manufacturer warranty and easily available spare parts. Local dealers can provide installation help and maintenance if needed. Established brands tend to have better national service networks. Make sure the company stands behind their equipment.

Using a Fluid Bed Coffee Roaster

Operating a fluid bed coffee roaster involves a simple workflow:

Load Beans

Weigh out the desired batch size of green coffee beans. For example, 2.5kg for a small roaster up to 20kg or more for a commercial machine. Carefully pour the beans into the roasting chamber, being careful not to overflow the capacity. Larger batches may need progressively higher end temperatures. Normal loading times range from 30 seconds for a 1kg batch up to 5+ minutes for a 60kg roaster.

Set Roast Profile

Use the control interface to either select a predefined roast profile or fully customize the roast settings like temperature ramp rates and airflow. For example, shorter ramps highlight acidity, while longer ramps bring out body. Target temperatures determine final roast degree from very light cinnamon to dark espresso.

Initiate Roasting

With the green beans loaded and profile set, start the roasting cycle. The burners or heating elements activate and reach target temperature while the powerful fans begin forcing hot air through the perforated plate to fluidize the beans. The automated controls now take over to precisely execute the programmed roast profile.

Monitor Roast Development

Carefully watch for color changes in the beans from green to yellow and tan then light brown. Listen for the popping sounds of the coffee expanding. Use your senses to monitor the roast progression. As it approaches the target temperature, observe closely so you can stop it at just the right roast level, such as when first crack ends.

Finish and Cool Beans

Stop the roasting cycle when the beans reach your desired color and development. Quickly unload them into a cooling tray or rotating drum to stop the roasting process. Faster cooling highlights acidity while slower cooling brings out body. Finally transfer the roasted coffee to storage containers or bags for packaging.


Fluid bed coffee roasters provide a highly effective method of roasting coffee beans evenly and consistently thanks to the fluidization of the beans in a hot air column. The tumbling action exposes all the beans to uniform heat for a predictable roast. Automated controls and minimal manual work simplify the roasting process.

Leading roaster manufacturers like Loring, Diedrich, Probat, and Typhoon Roasters offer fluid bed coffee roaster machines in a wide range of sizes to suit any coffee roasting operation. The technology makes it easy for roasters to consistently produce specialty-grade coffee with their desired flavors and aromas.

If you are looking for an efficient and flexible coffee roaster machine, a fluid bed model like those made by Typhoon Roasters deserves strong consideration. Their machines allow cafe owners and coffee professionals to enhance capabilities and achieve exceptional quality. Learn more about Typhoon’s fluid bed coffee roasters to see how they can benefit your roasting.

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